Locomotive apparatus

Skeleton system


Skeleton system

Collections Table: Relationships between Vertebrae-OrgansThe skeleton is a base on which the whole body is built. The bones play an irreplaceable role in terms of blood formation, functioning also as storage of various minerals.




Muscular system

The muscles represent about a half of the whole body volume. In cooperation with the skeleton, they enable movement and they supply the body with energy. The smooth muscles take care of the basic operation of respiratory, cardiovascular and digestive systems.


The spine is a firm, but flexible support of the head and upright body posture, which supports and enables the upper body to bend and turn. Thirty-three ring-shaped bones called vertebras are connected together by a system of movable joints. Between the vertebras we can find flexible ligamental discs made out of a tough cartilage. These discs flatten when pressed upon so as to absorb shock energy. With dynamic movements, these discs are subjected to enormous pressure, sometimes up to several hundred kilos per square cm.

Cervical vertebra - Cross section


Spine diseases:

  • Scoliosis
  • Hyperlordosis
  • Hyperkyphosis
  • Balanced kyphosis
  • Balanced lordosis
  • Disc protrusion
  • Sciatic syndrome
  • Piriformis syndrome, etc.

Spine disks

Knee joint


The knee joint, despite its plain appearance, is one of the most complicated joints. It is also the most stressed joint in the human body. It consists of four bones. The largest bone, the thigh bone, is connected with both shin bones through the articular capsule and tissue. The kneepan is situated in the front part of the knee and, when the knee bends, it glides along the groove. The knee not only straightens up and bends when moving, but at the same time, it makes various slight rotational movements.

Functionality – when the knee is in a good shape, then the bones are its firm support, the muscles are the source of locomotion and tissues stabilize the joint in its position.

Knee diseases

Knee diseases:

  • Arthrosis
  • Arthritis
  • Rheumatic arthritis
  • Meniscus damage
  • Anterior cruciate ligament rupture, etc.
In my practice, I often encounter patients with knee pain. It is remarkable, how quickly, after putting it into its optimal position, the knee can regenerate itself in most cases. The whole body axis is aligned again, the knee is corrected, the muscles and tendons are relaxed. When pain is caused by rheumatoid arthritis, it is necessary to also work with the immune system – here we are dealing with system malfunction. Because of ligament rupture and major meniscus damage, an operation is inevitable. In other cases, I recommend correction of the knee to avoid further damage or a potential operation.

Hip joint

Hip joint

The hip joint connects the lower limb with the pelvis bones. The head of the bone is on the femur and the socket is on the pelvis bone. The spherical head of the bone and deep socket allow a certain extent of sideways movement, but this movement is limited by the need of posture stability and by the walk. The hip joint and its proper position fundamentally influence the position of the whole skeleton, pelvis, whole backbone and particular vertebras. Coxarthrosis, arthrosis of the hip joint ―the origin of which we can find in the wrong mutual position of particular parts of the joint, with the subsequent damage and degeneration ― is the most frequent hip joint disease.

Soulder joint

I think that, with the exception of little children, I have had no patient with his/her hip joint or arm in its proper position. The hip joint is rotated very often and hurts, but in most cases, it can be corrected, and it maintains a firm position after the correction. If you have coxarthrosis, I recommend the hip joint correction first, and after a month, performing another examination, after which no operation is needed in most cases, and you save your leg. Well, it is worth trying.

Shoulder joint

Shoulder joint

The shoulder joint, because of its unique mobility and stability at the same time, is one of the most vulnerable joints. In my practice, chronic pain and limited mobility are very frequent occurrences. The arm displacement ― “luxation” or tissue damage ― is the most frequent arm injury.

Degenerative changes – arthrosis. Gradual degenerative /arthritic/ changes on the cartilages and arm bones cause pain that limits mobility and strength of the arm joint. The most frequent cause of them is impingement syndrome and AC arthrosis, when formation of bony outgrowths and calcium deposits in arm occurs.

The arm depends upon proper position of the cervical vertebras basically ― mainly on the C7 vertebra ― that have to be corrected. Arm ache, tennis elbow, carpal tunnel syndrome and other arm diagnoses can be treated by joint correction and muscle and tendon relaxation. After the therapy, corrected and relaxed joints have great regeneration ability and substantial relief of pain occurs.